Explanation on water that is permissible for ablution.

Water mixed with pure elements:


This category includes water that has been mixed with substances like soap, saffron, flowers, and so on, that is, objects considered pure by the shari’ah. Such water is considered pure as long as it has not been so mixed with other substances that one can no longer call it water. If this is the case, the water is still considered pure, but it cannot be used for purification.
We want you to understand this point that; such water is pure to be used for other purpose but cannot be used for ablution. Such water can be used for guslu…

Umm ‘Atiyah narrated that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, entered her house after the death of his daughter Zainab and said, “Wash her three or five or more times–if you see fit to do so–with water and dry tree leaves. For the final washing, use some kafoor or something from kafoor. When you are finished, inform me.”

She did so, after which he gave the women his outer garment and told them to wrap Zainab in it. This was related by “the group.”

The deceased should be washed with something that may purify a live person. Ahmad, an-Nasa’i and Ibn Khuzaimah record from Umm Hani that the Messenager of Allah and Maimunah washed themselves from one (water) container that had a trace of dough in it. In both of these hadith, we find that the water was mixed with another substance, but since the other substance was not substantial enough to alter its nature, it remained fit for consumption.

Water mixed with impure elements


We can divide this category into two sub-categories:


1  The impure substance alters the taste, color or odor of the water. In this case, it can not be used for purification. According to Ibn al-Munzhir and Ibn al-Mulaqqin, there is a consensus on this point.


2  The liquid is still considered water, meaning that the impure substance has not altered its taste, color or odor. Such water is considered pure and may be used for purification. This is based upon the following hadith: Abu Hurairah reported that a bedouin urinated in the mosque. The people stood to get him (and stop him). The Prophet said, “Leave him and pour a bucket of water or a container of water

over his urine. You have been raised to be easy on the people, not to be hard on them.” This hadith is narrated by “the group,” except for Muslim.


Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri asked the Prophet, “Can we make ablution from the well of Buda’ah (i.e., a well in Madinah)?” The Prophet, upon whom be peace, told him, “Water is pure and nothing makes it impure.”


This hadith is related by Ahmad, ash-Shaf’i, Abu Dawud, anNasa’i and at-Tirmizhi, who classified it as hassan. Ahmad said, “This hadith is sahih and Yahya ibn Ma’een and Muhammad ibn Hazm classified it as such.” This is also the opinion of Ibn ‘Abbas, Abu Hurairah, al-Hassan al-Basri, Ibn al-Musayyab, ‘Ikrimah, Ibn Abu Laila, al-Thauri, Dawud azh-Zhahiri, an-Nakha’i, Malik and others. Says al-Ghazzali, “I wish ash-Shaf’i’s opinion was like Malik’s.”


There is also a hadith from ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Umar in which the Messenger of Allah is reported to have said, “If there are at least two buckets of water, it will not carry any impurity.” This hadith is related by the “five.” However, this hadith is muzhtarab in its chain of narrators and text. Ibn ‘Abdul-Barr said in at-Tamheed, “As to the opinion of ash-Shaf’i which is based on this hadith, it is weak on scrutiny and is not confirmed by historical reports.”


Leftover water:

“Leftover water” is what remains in a pot after some has been drunk. There are five different types of leftover water.

Don’t forget that what we are discussing is water that can be used for purification.

Water leftover after people have drunk from the pot.


According to the shari’ah, such water is considered pure regardless of whether the one who drank from the pot was a Muslim, an unbeliever, a person in post-sex impurity or a menstruating woman.


Although Allah says in the Qur’an, “Verily, the idol worshippers are impure” (at-Taubah) this is a reference not to their physical state, but to their false beliefs and creed. They may come into contact with dirt or impurities, but this does not mean that their possessions or bodies are impure. In fact, they used to mix with the Muslims. Their emmissaries and delegations used to visit the Messenger of Allah and enter his mosque. The Prophet, upon whom be peace, did not order that the objects they touched be cleansed. As for mensturating women, ‘Aishah said, “I used to drink (from a container) while I was menstruating. I would then pass it to the Messenger of Allah and he would drink from the same spot where I had put my lips.”
(Related by Muslim.)

Water left in a container after an allowable animal has drunk from it


Such water is considered pure. Since the animal qualifies for consumption, its saliva is also pure. Abu Bakr ibn al-Munzhir said, “The scholars are agreed that such water is permissible to drink or use for ablution.”

Water remaining in a pot after it has been drunk by a donkey, mule, beasts of birds of prey


Such water is also considered pure, based on the hadith of Jabir in which the Messenger of Allah was asked about making ablution with drinking water left by donkeys. The Prophet, upon whom be peace, answered, “Yes, and from the drinking water left by any of the beasts of prey.” This hadith was related by ash-Shaifi, ad-Daraqutni and al-Baihaqi who said, “When its different chains are put together they become strong.” It has also been related from Ibn ‘Umar that the Messenger of Allah went out at night while he was on a journey. He passed by a man who was sitting by a pond. Said ‘Umar, “Did a beast of prey drink from your pond tonight?” The Messenger of Allah told him, “O owner of the pond, do not inform him. It is not necessary, for him (the beast of prey) is what he carried in his stomach and for us is what he left, water to be used for drinking and purifying.” This is related by ad-Daraqutni. Yahya ibn Sa’eed reported that once ‘Umar was among a group that included ‘Amr ibn al-‘Aas and, when they


came upon a pond, ‘Amr said, “O owner of the pond, have the beasts of prey discovered your pond?” ‘Umar said, “Do not inform us, since the people drink after the wild beasts and the wild beasts after the people.” This is related by Malik in al-Muwatta.


Water left in a pot after a cat has drunk from it


Such water is also considered pure. This is proven by the hadith of Kabshah bint Ka’b who, when she was under the care of Abu Qatadah, entered the room to pour some water for him. A cat came, drank some of the water, and Qatadah proceeded to tilt the container so the cat could drink more. Kabshah said, “He noticed that I was watching him.” He asked, “Are you surprised, O niece?” I answered, “Yes.” He said, “The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said, ‘It (the cat) is not impure. They intermingle with you.”‘


Water left in a pot after a pig or dog has drunk from it


Such water is considered impure and must be avoided. Al-Bukhari and Muslim have recorded, on the authority of Abu Hurairah, that the messenger of Allah said, “If a dog drinks from one of your containers, wash it seven times.” Ahmad and Muslim also have this addition, “Cleanse one of your containers if a dog licks it by washing it seven times, the first washing being with dirt.” As for the leftover water of a pig, it is clearly considered filth and impure.

Allahu A’alaam

Question(s) are welcome!!!

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